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U-2S Dragon Lady
Wing Tips and Wheel Wells

Part One

by David W. Aungst

 

Aircraft Picture

U-2S 80-1096 sitting on the overcast Andrews AFB ramp during the 1996 air show

 


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Description

 

Welcome to my U-2S "Dragon Lady" documentation page. I looked long and hard for some good detail reference pictures of the U-2R/S / TR-1 on the Internet. After finding none worth mentioning, I decided to create a page with all the pictures I could scare up. Many of the pictures here are of a U-2S that I saw at the 1996 Andrews AFB air show. It was an overcast day, which did not help with taking pictures of a black aircraft, but the pictures came out clear enough to be useful.

Also included are a number of other pictures from various sources to help document some airframe features. I would like to give special thanks Jim Rotramel and Dave Roof for their contributions to the following pictures.

 

U-2R/S / TR-1 Production

 

There were only 47 U-2R/S / TR-1A/B aircraft and two ER-2 aircraft built with the following serial numbers. The U-2RT and TR-1B are factory-built two-seat training aircraft.

 

Production Info Serial Number Serial
Iss Orgz
Alt Serial Number Alt Serial Iss Orgz Extended Comments Manufacture
Start Stop Start Stop
First Batch
U-2R 68-10329 68-10340 USAF         Lockheed
Second Batch
ER-2 80-1063   USAF 706   NASA Later, NASA 806 Lockheed
TR-1B 80-1064 80-1065 USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1066 80-1068 USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1069   USAF 708   NASA Damaged in a ground accident.
Rebuilt to ER-2 for NASA.
Later, NASA 808
Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1070   USAF         Lockheed
U-2R 80-1071   USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1072 80-1074 USAF         Lockheed
U-2R 80-1075 80-1076 USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1077 80-1076 USAF         Lockheed
U-2R 80-1089   USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1090   USAF         Lockheed
U-2RT 80-1091   USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1092 80-1093 USAF         Lockheed
TR-1B 80-1094   USAF         Lockheed
U-2R 80-1095 80-1096 USAF         Lockheed
ER-2 80-1097   USAF 709   NASA Later, NASA 809 Lockheed
U-2R 80-1098   USAF         Lockheed
TR-1A 80-1099   USAF         Lockheed

 

U-2 aircraft were built in two batches. The first batch was contracted in the 1968 budget and has serial numbers of 68-103xx. Aircraft were constructed quickly with the first being delivered in August of 1967. Lockheed delivered the last one by the end of 1968.

The second batch did not get contracted until twelve years later in 1980 and has serial numbers of 80-10xx. These aircraft were constructed rather slowly over an eight year span with the first being delivered in 1981. The last one came in 1989.

There are almost no differences between the aircraft in the two batches. The only external differences (besides the serial number) are some stiffening strips on the leading edges of the horizontal tails. The early-built aircraft have these stiffening strips; the later-built aircraft do not.

As noted in the above production list, some aircraft were built as U-2R aircraft. Others were built as TR-1 aircraft. For political reasons and to attempt to distance the "new" aircraft from the "spy plane" reputation of the U-2, many aircraft in the second batch were designated as TR-1, even though they were mostly carbon copies of the U-2R aircraft built earlier. The aircraft labeled as U-2R in the second batch were bought using unofficial "black funds", hence the reason they did not need the TR-1 designation. In 1991, all TR-1 aircraft were re-designated to be U-2R.

The U-2S designation was assigned to the aircraft in the 1990s when they were upgraded to use newer engines. The original U-2R engine was a Pratt & Whitney J75-PW-13B, a derivative of the same engine found in the F-105 and F-106 fighters. With the retirement of the F-105 and F-106, only the U-2 used this engine in the whole Air Force. To eliminate the need to support this engine on only these few aircraft, the Air Force looked into replacing the engines. They settled on a derivative of the same General Electric engine that powers the B-2 Stealth Bomber, designating it as the F118-GE-101. In addition to gaining better logistical support on a common engine type, the U-2 also got a significant performance gain on this new engine.

The main external difference between the U-2R and U-2S are two small engine auxiliary air louvers in the upper wing roots. The U-2R with the older engine has these louvers. When upgraded to a U-2S, the louvers are removed.

 

The Aircraft I Saw

 

Almost all of my pictures and many of Jim Rotramel’s are of an aircraft I saw at the 1996 Andrews AFB air show, serial number 80-1096. When this aircraft was constructed, it was a "black funds" U-2R aircraft, not a TR-1A. I was told by a ground crewman while taking my pictures that it was a U-2S, so it already had been upgraded with the new F118 engine when I saw it in 1996. Based on reading and research, the aircraft I saw had the following systems installed:

  • The nose is the ASARS II synthetic aperture radar. This side-looking radar is used to make detailed radar maps of target areas from rather great distance. Sample images in books show astounding clarity in the images, and I am sure that the images declassified for publication are only a fraction of the true capability of the system.
  • The antenna farms on the lower airframe and the canoe fairing on the left super pod are all part of the Senior Spear Comint system which gathers and classifies various forms of communication signals.
  • The dorsal antenna pod is a satellite up-link antenna, referred to as either Senior Span or Senior Spur. Senior Span is for transmission of Sigint data recorded through the Senior Spear system. Because the ASARS II nose is also attached, this aircraft could have a Senior Spur installation that transmits radar imagery recorded by the ASARS II system. Differences in the transmission process dictate that the dorsal pod is either Senior Span or Senior Spur. It can not be both.

The Aircraft Dave Roof Saw

 

All of Dave Roof’s pictures are of an aircraft that attended the 50th anniversary of the US Air Force at Nellis AFB, serial number 80-1073. This aircraft was constructed as a TR-1A. Later, it would have been re-designated a U-2R. The lack of engine air vents over the wing roots identifies it as an upgraded U-2S with the new F118 engine. The aircraft is lacking of most any sensors, having plain super pods and no antenna farm on the belly. The only sensor system installed on the aircraft is the ASARS II synthetic aperture radar nose. The aircraft is also updated with the twin topside anti-collision lights, indicating that it is capable of carrying a Senior Span/Spur dorsal pod.

 

The Pictures(Part One)

 

This section contains over ninety pictures of the U-2R/S / TR-1A. Most of the pictures are detail pictures, and some show areas of the U-2 airframe that have not been seen in any reference material before. My goal was to order the pictures so they flow in a counter-clockwise tour around the aircraft. Knowing this will help you to navigate and find specific details that you may be looking for.


U-2S_DragonLady-01.jpg

01 - Ultimate "Dragon Lady" -- 80-1081
While being a different aircraft from the one I saw at Andrews AFB in 1996, this aircraft represents the full package of all the major sensors carried by the U-2. The nose has the ASARS II update, the super pods and lower fuselage have Senior Glass (combined Senior Spear and Ruby), and the Senior Span/Spur satellite up-link pod is present on top.


U-2S_DragonLady-02.jpg

02 - "Dragon Lady" at Rest -- 80-1082
One serial number away from the aircraft in the previous picture, this aircraft is outfitted the same, minus the Senior Span/Spur dorsal pod. Note the varying colors of the nose and other dielectric panels as compared to the overall aircraft color. Specifications call for the entire aircraft to be black. It is amazing how many shades of black exist. Note also the color of the engine intake duct.


U-2S_DragonLady-67.jpg

03 - "Dragon Lady" at Rest -- 80-1073
This is the aircraft that Dave Roof saw at the 50th anniversary of the US Air Force, Nellis AFB. Of special note is that the ASARS nose is not much different in color from the rest of the airframe. Typically, the ASARS nose tends to be much darker than the rest of the airframe.


U-2S_DragonLady-03.jpg

04 - Nose Underside
This is the underside of the nose. The glass dome is the eye-piece for the drift scope in the cockpit. Note the darker color of the ASARS II nose and the lighter color of the flush antenna panels further back on the fuselage. Officially, everything is painted black. The lighter and darker black areas are attributable mostly to varying sheen and weathering of the affected areas.


U-2S_DragonLady-69.jpg

05 - Nose Underside
This is different aircraft from the previous picture. Notable in this picture is that most of the same panels stand out as being different colors from the rest of the airframe.


U-2S_DragonLady-04.jpg

06 - Main Wheel Well Doors
This view shows the alignment and colors of the main wheel well doors. Note the colors of the various items. The door interiors are a light greenish-yellow and the landing gear strut (with the door actuators) is a dark metallic color. The bulbous antenna in front of the wheel well is the forward data-link antenna. A second data-link antenna exists in a different shaped bulge under the tail. Also note on the right side of the picture some vents that are only present on the left side of the aircraft.


U-2S_DragonLady-86.jpg

07 - Main Landing Gear -- Looking Aft
This is a close-up of the main landing gear, seen from the front. The general arrangement of all the retraction arms is important to note. Points of interest for the colors in this area are the metallic black strut, the light colored retraction arm, and the light yellow/green wheel well door interiors.


U-2S_DragonLady-88.jpg

08 - Main Wheel Bay -- Looking Aft
This view of the space into which the main landing retracts shows without a doubt that there is no "well" for the main landing gear. The ribbed upper structure is the outside of the engine intake ducting. There are no side walls, with the space being open into the rest of the airframe on either side of the opening. Color notes are important here. The inner area appears to have been chromate yellow at one time. Later, the lower areas were over-painted with a creamy light yellow/green color, but the rest of the area remained chromate yellow.


U-2S_DragonLady-87.jpg

09 - Main Wheel Bay -- Looking Forward
This is the forward end of the main landing gear bay. Note the front bulkhead is painted in the light yellow/green color and has been zapped with a pair of footprints.


U-2S_DragonLady-05.jpg

10 - ASARS II Nose
This head-on view shows the cross section and some details of the ASARS II nose. Note the small actuator oleo inside the upper cooling intake. The bulbous upper shape is the top of the Senior Span/Spur dorsal antenna pod.


U-2S_DragonLady-06.jpg

11 - ASARS II Nose
This view shows the details of the forward section on the ASARS II nose. Note the shine to the very front section and the extremely flat finish on the rest of the nose. While there is no apparent panel line to mark the location, the pattern of flat and not-so-flat paint on the nose side indicates the location of the dielectric panels on the nose.


U-2S_DragonLady-07.jpg

12 - ASARS II Nose
This is a left side overview of the ASARS II nose. Note the darker color of the nose as compared to the rest of the aircraft. Note also the two small blisters on the fuselage side just behind the ASARS II nose. These blisters are mirror imaged on the right side of the nose and only pertain to ASARS II equipped aircraft.


U-2S_DragonLady-68.jpg

13 - ASARS II Nose
This is pretty much the same view as the last picture, only on a different aircraft in different lighting. The outline of the dielectric panels in the nose are not as easily seen in this picture because the nose colors are more uniform.


U-2S_DragonLady-70.jpg

14 - Left Canopy, Closed
This view shows the closed canopy from the left side. Note the color/details of the forward instrument hood. The thread-looking thing draped down the middle of the windshield quarter panel is the yaw string. Attached to the top of the canopy, this string allows the pilot to accurately gauge the crab angle (yaw) of the aircraft in flight.


 

U-2S_DragonLady-08.jpg

15 - Left Canopy, Closed
This view shows the closed canopy from the left side. Details to note are the cockpit fan, rearview mirrors (inside and outside), and the color/details of the forward instrument hood. The yaw string is draped over the external mirror post in this picture.


U-2S_DragonLady-09.jpg

16 - Left Forward Fuselage


U-2S_DragonLady-10.jpg

17 - Left Forward Fuselage
A closer view of the forward fuselage side. Note the drift scope dome under the fuselage and behind the lower left pitot. This view provides better details on the two blisters just behind the joint line for the ASARS II nose. Two more blisters are mirror-imaged in the same location on the right side of the nose.


U-2S_DragonLady-11.jpg

18 - Cockpit
This is a close-up of the cockpit from the left side with the canopy open. Note the external rearview mirror mounted to the left side of the windscreen. Note also the latching points along the side of the canopy. Almost invisible along the forward canopy framing is the yaw string. You can just make out the attachment point of the yaw string on the middle of the forward canopy framing.


U-2S_DragonLady-12.jpg

19 - Left Engine Intake Overview
This view shows the left engine intake and the areas around it. Note the dielectric panel and ECM blister on the intake side. Also note the oil cooler exhaust grill behind the ECM blister. The specific lighting of this picture makes the oil cooler grill very noticeable. In most pictures, the grill is almost invisible.


U-2S_DragonLady-13.jpg

20 - UHF/ADF Antenna
The large blade antenna is the UHF radio antenna. The thin whip as an ADF antenna. The whip was originally straight. The bend in the upper portion of the whip antenna was introduced to provide clearance for the Senior Span/Spur dorsal pod. Most U-2 aircraft seem to now use the bent whip, even if they are not capable of carrying the Senior Span/Spur dorsal pod.


U-2S_DragonLady-14.jpg

21 - Left Engine Intake Ducting
This is the inside of the left engine intake. The major thing to note here is the color of the ducting. This is the color of most all the inner portions of the U-2 airframe. Depending on the lighting, this color is anything from a pale yellow to a light lime green. I have not found a definitive answer to what the exact color is, but some sources claim the color is either a nondescript mixture of Gloss White and Chromate Yellow/Green or a coating of Gloss White applied over Chromate Yellow/Green. The intake scoop on the outer duct wall is for the oil cooler.


U-2S_DragonLady-15.jpg

22 - Middle Fuselage
This is the center left fuselage area where the wing is attached. Obvious in this picture is a good portion of the antenna farm found on the belly of the aircraft. Also note the oil cooler exhaust louver on the fuselage side ahead of the wing and the flat intake scoop just above and behind the louver. This flat scoop is only on the left side. Finally, note the wheels are white while the landing gear strut appears to be a dark metallic shade.


U-2S_DragonLady-16.jpg

23 - Senior Spear Antenna Farm
This is a closer view of the antenna farm that is part of the Senior Spear installation. Note that the blade antennae are all glossy finished. Note also that one of the hockey stick shaped blade antennae is mounted to the lower wing. This installation location is mirrored on the underside of the right wing, also.


U-2S_DragonLady-17.jpg

24 - Senior Spear Antenna Farm
This is another close-up view of the belly antenna farm and main landing gear. Note the red hubcap on the main wheel.


U-2S_DragonLady-18.jpg

25 - Left Super Pod
This view shows the inside of the left super pod. The canoe fairing under the pod is part of the Senior Spear installation.


U-2S_DragonLady-19.jpg

26 - Left Super Pod
This is a straight, head-on view of the left super pod. Note the vent hole in the forward tip of the super pod.


U-2S_DragonLady-20.jpg

27 - Left Super Pod Intake Scoops
This view clearly shows the elusive intake scoops found on the left super pod side. These scoops are small and remain mostly hidden in the shadow of the wing in most photographs. They provide cooling air to the Senior Spear avionics housed in the super pod and canoe fairing.


U-2S_DragonLady-21.jpg

28 - Left Super Pod
This view shows the outside of the left super pod. Note the darker, flatter finish on the super pod forward section as opposed to the rest of the aircraft. Note also the orientation of the cooling scoops on the super pod side. The leading one faces straight forward while the middle and rear ones are canted downward slightly.


U-2S_DragonLady-22.jpg

29 - Left Super Pod Side
This view shows another angle on the elusive intake scoops found on the left super pod side. The pink arrows are added to better highlight the scoop positions. Also of note in this picture is the shape of the canoe fairing under the super pod.


U-2S_DragonLady-23.jpg

30 - Senior Span/Spur Dorsal Antenna
The most striking and noticeable change to the basic U-2S aircraft in recent years has been the addition of Senior Span/Spur and the large dorsal antenna pod. The pod holds an up-link antenna for satellite communication that allows the aircraft to beam its data back to any location on Earth in near to real time. Note the bent whip antenna in front of the pod. This whip was originally straight on U-2 aircraft, but it was modified to gain clearance for the Senior Span/Spur dorsal antenna.


U-2S_DragonLady-24.jpg

31 - Left Side Overview


U-2S_DragonLady-25.jpg

32 - Left Center Fuselage Overview
This overview provides information on the Senior Span/Spur dorsal pod location relative to the wing root on the aircraft.


U-2S_DragonLady-26.jpg

33 - Left Wing
Besides the view of the dorsal antenna pod, this picture provides an overview of the left wing top and details of the left wingtip pod.


U-2S_DragonLady-27.jpg

34 - Left Wingtip
This view shows the inside of the left wingtip. The lighting was not the best, but you can see the wingtip skid that protects the wingtip during landings. The wingtip pod is mounted onto the outside surface of the wingtip skid. The odd shapes hanging off the tailing edge of the outboard wing are portions of the crew jacket laying on top of the wing.


U-2S_DragonLady-62.jpg

35 - U-2R 80-1098
This is a left quartering view of a U-2R I saw at an earlier Andrews AFB air show. I wish I had taken more pictures of this one as the flaps were down...


U-2S_DragonLady-28.jpg

36 - Left Rear Quartering Overview


U-2S_DragonLady-63.jpg

37 - Left Outboard Wing Flap
This is a closer view of the lowered wing flaps. Note the angle of the flaps (which is full deflection) and the light colored strip that becomes visible when the flaps are lowered. Different aircraft and time periods show different colors for this light colored strip. Some show what appears to be natural (unpainted) metal. Others appear to be an off white or very light gray color.


U-2S_DragonLady-83.jpg

38 - Left Wing Trailing Edge


U-2S_DragonLady-29.jpg

39 - GPS Antenna and Left Pogo Leg
The orange wheeled leg under the wing is referred to as a pogo and is dropped off as the aircraft takes off. Note its color is orange, not red. The GPS antenna is the tiny dome located on top of a squared extension that protrudes between the wing flaps and aileron.


U-2S_DragonLady-30.jpg

40 - GPS Antenna Fairing
This large fairing on the left wing is a relatively new addition to the U-2 fleet. The actual GPS antenna is the small dome on top of the fairing. The forward portion of the fairing is mounted on to top the outboard end of the roll-control spoiler. The pipe emerging from between the fairing and the aileron is a fuel dump.


U-2S_DragonLady-79.jpg

41 - GPS Antenna Fairing
This view from directly aft on the antenna fairing provides more information of the relative location of the fairing between the wing flaps and the aileron.


U-2S_DragonLady-80.jpg

42 - GPS Antenna Fairing
This is the fairing under the wing. Note the length of the fairing which is much longer than the corresponding fairing on top of the wing. Note also the details of the fuel dump pipe and aileron trim tab actuator.


U-2S_DragonLady-31.jpg

43 - Wing Fuel Tank Pressurization Scoop
The scoop on the lower wing, just inboard of the attachment point for the pogo leg is a scoop to provide positive pressure inside the wing fuel tanks. The blue and yellow marked item on the right side of the picture is the upper portion of a wing prop.


U-2S_DragonLady-32.jpg

44 - Wing Fuel Tank Pressurization Scoop
This is a second angle on the same scoop that was seen in the previous picture. Note the orientation of the scoop with the trailing edge mostly even with the attachment point for the pogo leg.


U-2S_DragonLady-33.jpg

45 - Left Super Pod
This view shows the outside of the left super pod. Note the vent hole in the tip of the rear super pod cone and that the color inside the vent hole is white.


U-2S_DragonLady-34.jpg

46 - Left Super Pod
This view shows the rear of the left super pod. Note how the super pod fairs into the wing.


U-2S_DragonLady-35.jpg

47 - Senior Span/Spur Dorsal Antenna
This rear quartering view of the Senior Span/Spur dorsal antenna pod provides more information on the location of the pod, relative to the wing. Also visible is a portion of the antenna farm on the bottom of the aircraft and the double anti-collision beacon lights on the upper fuselage.


U-2S_DragonLady-36.jpg

48 - Center/Rear Fuselage Overview
Dominating the view is the dorsal antenna pod for Senior Span/Spur. The red item attached onto the horizontal tail tip is a control lock so the wind does not move the flight controls.

 

Click Here to Go to Photos Part Two, images 49 - 95

 

Credits

 

 

Photographs Copyright 2003 by David W. Aungst, unless otherwise noted on the image.

I would like to extend a special thank you to Jim Rotramel who took time to scan images (not once, but twice) for twenty-five of the pictures included in this reference page. Thanks Jim!

Another thank you goes to Dave Roof who sent me a pack of twenty-four detail pictures to scan and include in this posting. Thanks Dave!

Web page design and all text Copyright 2003 by David W. Aungst.

 

Click Here to Go to Photos Part Two, images 49 - 95


Images Copyright 2002 by David W. Aungst
Page Created 03 April, 2003
Last Updated 19 April, 2004

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